What is textile science?

As a technical science, textile studies mechanical (physical, mechanical) and chemical methods used in fiber assembly and processing. People to live, the first to eat, the second to dress. Since ancient times, except fur and leather, almost all clothing materials are textiles. As a production, the narrow sense of textile refers to spinning and weaving, while the broad sense of textile also includes raw material processing, reeling, dyeing, finishing, and chemical fiber production. Textile products, in addition to clothing, but also for viewing, packaging and other purposes. In modern times, it is also used in home decoration, industrial and agricultural production, medical treatment, national defense and other aspects. Textile technology is the method and skill to solve practical problems in textile production. On the other hand, the system of basic laws that people master on this basis constitutes textile science.

Since the 1950s, textile science has made great progress. In terms of core content, textile materials science is formed on the basis of fiber science and polymer chemistry; mechanical technology of fiber materials is formed on the basis of mechanics and mechanics; chemical technology of fiber materials is formed on the basis of chemistry and fiber science; and the content of textile design is enriched on the basis of aesthetics, geometry and physiology. In terms of marginal content, many basic sciences and other technological sciences are closely combined with textile practice, forming some new branches and development directions: for example, history and economics are applied to textile development research, forming textile history; mathematical statistics, operational research and optimization theory in mathematics have been widely used in textile technology and production; physics and Technological Physics are applied to textile industry The development of textile instruments, textile detection technology and automatic control technology has been promoted, It has formed the chemistry of dyes and auxiliaries, and promoted the development of degumming, silk making and sizing chemical processes; the application of mechanics and electronics in textile has formed the design principle of textile machinery, manufacturing of textile machinery, automation of textile machinery, etc.; the application of Environmental Science in textile, combined with various textile technologies, has improved the design of textile factories, air conditioning and textile machinery The application of Management Science in textile industry is forming management engineering of textile industry. According to the project object, due to the extensive use of chemical fibers, the original cotton, wool, silk and hemp technologies are constantly changing, gradually forming cotton type, wool type, silk type, hemp type and other textile technologies, each with its own special fiber preliminary processing, spinning and reeling, weaving, dyeing and finishing, product design And so on. Although they have a lot in common with each other, their respective characteristics make them form very different four independent branches. There is also a new frontier field of clothing between light industry and textile, which is taking shape. The degree of maturity of each branch of textile discipline is different. Their connotations and denotations are constantly developing and changing, and some of them intersect and permeate each other.

Post time: Apr-07-2021